On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places near Hastinapur (Draupadi Ghat[4] and Karna Ghat) reference Mahabharata personages. From the Puranic data, we find that King Nichakshu lived about 10 generations after the Pandava. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Mani made a presentation titled Magadha and Mahabharata : Archaeological indications from Rajgir Area (via Carlos Aramayo) at the International Seminar on Mahabharata held in New Delhi in April 2012. Fought for by the Pandavas, the city was named after the Kuru King Hastin. The presentation slides are colored in such a way that humans cannot read it. [7] It is a small township re-established by Jawaharlal Nehru on February 6, 1949, located at 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02. Lai found evidence of 6 levels of living houses (settlements) there. Kurukshetra lies in Haryana, 50 km to … Based on the relics recovered, he had termed the period painted grey ware (PGW) culture, and had said that this was the earliest common … In this age of nuclear armaments, it would be wise to study and understand this war and draw lessons from it. The sanctuary extends over a wide area, encompassing the districts of Meerut, Ghaziabad, Gautam Budh Nagar, Bijnore, Hapur, and Jyotiba Phule Nagar in Uttar Pradesh. The Mahabharata occurred around 3000 BCE and King Nichakshu ruled 250 to 300 years later. Its history dates back to the period of Mahabharata. In Hastinapur, around 15% of the population was under 10 years of age. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. This city sits on the banks of the Ganga just as Hastinapur did. It is also mentioned in the Ramayana (2:68), the 13th and 14th verses of which say (translated): "Having crossed Ganga River at Hastinapura, they proceeded towards the west and, reaching Panchala kingdom through Kuru Jangala and observing well-filled lakes and rivers with clear water, the messengers mentioned above went briskly, due to the pressing nature of their mission.". In one of their excavation sites, they found evidence that suggests the ancient town may have been ruined by a powerful blast. kings of the 4 dynasties that ruled Hastinapur (up to Vikramaditya) since the reign of Yudhishthir is the most potent evidence that Mahabharat war had happened in 3139 BC. This temple is believed to be the place where Kauravas and Pandavas received their education in Vedas and Puranas. Several years later, when Devavrat had grown up to be an accomplished prince, Shantanu fell in love with Satyavati. In the Mahabharata, Hastinapur is portrayed as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom of the Kauravas. King Samprati (also referred to as Samrat Samprati), grandson of the emperor Asoka the Great of the Mauryan Empire, built many temples here during his reign. Lai made excavations in the upper part of the Gangetic plain, where the country called Kuru was located. For centuries, the Mahabharata and the city of Hastinapur have mesmerized generations. They had obtained these astras  after great penance and austerities. Kurukshetra – This is the battlefield of the Mahabharata war. The Hastinapur mentioned in Mahabharata might have been the capital of the Kurus. [20][21], Jambudweep, depicting a model of Jain cosmology, was designed here under the supervision of Shri Gyanmati Mataji in 1985. The Kailash Parvat premises are home to several Jain temples, including Yatri Niwas and Bhojanshala. A history that can hold a mirror to our present times, our beliefs, and behaviors. This led him to historicize some of the traditions mentioned in the Mahabharata as well as link the appearance of the Painted Grey Ware with Aryans in the upper Ganges basin areas. But in that pursuit the cultural relations of archaeology have changed, thereby opening the possibilities for exploring the dates of Mahabharata somewhere between 1100 BC and 2000 BC. For instance, Hastinapur is in UP with multiple evidence of Mahabharata in Hastinapur. Mahabharata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. [11], Located on the banks of an old ravine of the Ganges, Hastinapur is considered one of the holiest places for both Hindus and Jains alike. In Sanskrit, Hastinapur translates to 'the City of Elephants' from Hastina (elephant) and puram (city). During the month of Kartika, Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur just before the war. After the death of his second son Chitrangad, Vichitravirya, the youngest, succeeded the throne. These excavations revealed objects of everyday use – … Furthermore, he pointed out that the Mahabharata mentions a flood and a layer of flooding debris was found in Hastinapur. Situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh near Meerut, on the banks of the river Ganga, Hastinapur traces its roots to the times of Mahabharata and according to the epic, it was the capital of the Kauravas. The ancient artifacts he managed to recover offered evidence of the earliest common pottery connecting all the Mahabharata sites such as Hastinapur, Mathura, Kurukshetra and Kampilya. He lived six generations after Janamejaya, the great grandson of Arjuna. This thought is further substantiated by the vivid descriptions of the astra (a missile powered by a holy incantation) and their capabilities. Both, Arjuna and Karna, are described in the text as level-headed warriors with great will power, patience, tolerance, and sagacity. Many incidents in the Mahabharata were set in the city of Hastinapur. Yet, there are so many evidences that show our mythologies are, in fact, ancient history. Bharath Gyan, a passionate research initiative, is painstakingly dotting the pieces together, foraging amongst lost remnants to keep the glorious past alive and known. You can click here to buy any of their books on Indian civilization. The literacy rate of the town was 73.9% against the national average of 59.5%. Dwarka is located on Gujarat coast. [19], Kailash Parvat is a 40-metre-high (131 ft) structure, constructed under the aegis of Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Hastinapur. Thousands of years ago, our ancient sages unlocked techniques and wisdom to maintain holistic health. Nearly 65 years ago, between 1950 and 1952, BB Lal of the ASI had excavated the site of Hastinapura, about 18 km from Meerut. It is believed to be the birthplace of three Jain Tirthankaras. There are many ancient Hindu temples including Pandeshwar Temple and Karna Temple, as well as Jain temples, such as Shri Digamber, Jain Mandir, Jambudweep, Kailash Parvat, and Shwetambar Jain Temple. The material has been sourced from @bharathgyan. The main temple is believed to have been built in 1801 under the aegis of Raja Harsukh Rai, who was the imperial treasurer of Emperor Shah Alam II. The great epic of the Mahabharata is never complete without Hastinapur. The PGW found at Kaushambi dates back to about this time. Kailash Parvat also has an auditorium and a helipad on the premises. "Excavation Sites in Uttar Pradesh - Archaeological Survey of India", "Distance Hastināpur, Uttar-Pradesh, IND > New-Seema-Puri, New-Delhi, North-East, Delhi, IND - Air line, driving route, midpoint", "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Hastinapur, India", "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", "महाभारत सर्किट: जितनी ऊपर, उससे कहीं ज्यादा जमीन के नीचे है हस्तिनापुर की वैभवशाली गौरवगाथा", "Major Attractions | Meerut Development Authority", "Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir Hastinapur, Meerut(U.P. This does lead to an obvious inference. Several tourist attractions like Jal Mandir, Jain Library, Acharya Vidyanand Museum, 24 Tonks, and the ancient Nishiyajis are situated within 500 m from the main temple. They are… The monsoon season is from July to September, during which the temperature is relatively low. According to the Mahabharata, the 100 Kaurava brothers were born in this city to their mother, Queen Gandhari, the wife of King Dhritarashtra. Shortly after the Manhattan Project, Dr. Oppenheimer, addressed the students of the Rochester University. [6], Present-day Hastinapur is a town in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh in India, about 37 kilometres (23 mi) from Meerut and nearly 96 km (60 mi) north-east of Delhi on National Highway 34. Indraprastha is the present-day Delhi. The texts describe the special manner in which these astras were invoked. One of the students asked him a pointed question, whether his experiment was the first nuclear explosion of the world. After the battle of Kurukshetra, the Pandavas settled in Hastinapur. Where was the city of Hastinapur located. New Delhi: From the archaeological remains at Hastinapur and Sanauli, and from archaeologists BB Lal and SK Manjul, the aim to ascertain the exact date of Mahabharata remains the same. The first reference to Hastinapur in the Puranas presents the city as the capital of Emperor Bharata's kingdom. If only we would allow it. The Shivling inside the Karna Temple is believed to be established by Karna, one of the prominent figures in the Mahabharata. [12] [1] Several claims suggest that the city was named after King Hasti. The Mahābhārata (US: / m ə h ɑː ˈ b ɑːr ə t ə /, UK: / ˌ m ɑː h ə ˈ b ɑːr ə t ə /; Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced [mɐɦaːˈbʱaːrɐtɐm]) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa. Central to the epic is an account of a war that took place between two rival families belonging to this clan. Fortunately, there is a transcript which tells us that there is a connection … Legend has it that the Great War of Mahabharata was fought between the Pandavas and Kauravas. The Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata narrates that, just before the War, Lord Krishna, in His final peace mission, went to Hastinapur in the month of … In the Mahabharata, Hastinapur is portrayed as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom of the Kauravas. Recently ASI archaeologist B.R. The Mahabharata discloses a rich civilization and a highly evolved society, which though of an older world, strangely resembles the India of our own time, with the same values and ideals. Centuries later, in independent India, a city near Meerut was selected as the site to excavate this ancient city. Equally intriguing is our tradition of healing and health. Even though, in reality with passing time, Hastinapur itself got lost and its existence was doubted. Dwarka is located on Gujarat coast. I'd like to know more>>. “When the city of Nagasahvaya Hastinapura was carried away by the Ganga, King Nichakshu abandoned it and went to Kausambi.”, Chirtsmas Lessons from Gurudev Sri Sri Ravishankar, Yoga for Children: Playing in Childhood’s Sun, Yoga for Constipation: Stretching towards a cleaner colon. ), Jain Mandir, Mandir, Mandir in Hastinapur, Mandir in Uttar Pradesh, Mandir in India, Jain bada mandir in Hastinapura, Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir", "Welcome to UP Tourism-Official Website of Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India | Hastinapur", "HereNow4U.net :: Article Archive - The 151-Foot High Ashtapad Teerth in Hastinapur", "WWW.JAINHERITAGECENTRES.COM > Jainism In India > Uttar Pradesh > Hastinapur > Kailash parvat Mandir", "Yudhishthira had established the shivalinga", "Work on Mahabharat Circuit to start soon", "Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara - Hastinapur - Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara Photos, Sightseeing - Native Planet", "Official Website Of Uttar Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation Ltd", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hastinapur&oldid=991724576, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 14:16. Lal and the ancient remains of a city were discovered. Here are some lesser-known facts: The European researchers, David Davenport and Ettore Vincenti, did some groundwork in and around the site of the ancient civilization of Mohenjo Daro. Atomic War evidences, iron weapons, artifacts dated to 5000 years ago found at Hastinapura, Mathura, Dwaraka, Kurukshetra, confirming Epic Mahabharata dates Two mounds called Ulta Khera and Raghunathji were excavated in 1920 and various ancient artifacts were recovered from these sites. According to the Mahabharata, a huge flood forced the people of Hastinapur to move to Kaushambi. This date corroborates with the date of the ochre collared pottery (2650 BCE). Vichitravirya's two widows begot of Vyas two sons, Dhritrashtra and Pandu. These festivals, among others, are organized by non-government organizations (NGOs) and the State Tourism Department. Wanna know all the secrets to the best lifestyle? The Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata portrays that, not long before the War, Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur in the month of Kartika and on the day when the moon was at the asterism Revati. History. [5], During British India, Hastinapur was ruled by Raja Nain Singh Nagar, who built many Hindu temples in and around Hastinapura. Mahabharata: History or Fiction? However, he considered his theories to be provisional and based upon a limited body of evidence, and he later reconsidered his statements on the nature of this culture. At one layer at the bottom, there was evidence of riverine soil from the Ganga, pointing to a flood that must have occurred then. Manjul said his team also gathered valuable artifacts such as arrowheads, spearheads, celt and beads which likely belonged to the Painted Grey Ware culture. Discover India's spiritual heritage and learn about the mind & breath. This cautious, measured response of Dr. Oppenheimer, which has been recorded for posterity, makes one wonder if he believed that in an earlier civilization, there could have been a nuclear capability. [23], The Karna Temple is located near the Pandeshwar temple on an old ravine along the bank of the Ganges. There are 150 worldly events in Mahabharata which are mentioned with the planetary place in the sky. Varnavat – Situated on the banks of river Ganga, it is a city located near Meerut in Uttar Pradesh. During this time, temperatures can drop to around 5 °C (41 °F), and don't usually go above 14 °C (57 °F). Many incidents in the Mahabharata were set in the city of Hastinapur. Hastinapur, described in Hindu texts such as the Mahabharata and the Puranas as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom, is also mentioned in ancient Jain texts. It … B.B. Rather, it is the inference drawn based on series of specific Mahabharata text references. On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places near Hastinapur (Draupadi Ghat and Karna Ghat) reference Mahabharata personages. Many Mahabharata researchers (including myself) have proposed 7-8 days for Krishna in Hastinapur. [10] According to the 2011 Census of India, Hastinapur's population had reduced to 21,249. He responded thoughtfully: “Well …. Manjul said his team was revisiting the findings of BB Lal, had who carried out excavations at Indraprastha and Hastinapur in 1951-52. Interestingly, the remains of a flood have been found at the Lakshagriha site, too. Although the main aim of this excavation, according to Lal himself, was to determine the stratigraphic position of Painted Grey Ware concerning other known ceramic industries of the early historical period, Lal found correlations between the text of the Mahabharata and the material remains that he unearthed at Hastinapur. The Matsya Purana and the Vayu Purana state that during the period of King Nichakshu’s rule, there was a great flood in the Ganga which washed over much of Hastinapura. Her father refused to let her marry the king unless the king promised that Satyavati's son and descendants would inherit the throne. King Nichakshu reigned in the post-Mahabharata period. [9], According to the 2001 Census of India, Hastinapur had a population of 58,452, with males constituting 53% of the population and females accounting for the remaining 47%. However, he points out that the ochre-colored pottery from the same region can be dated all the way back to 2650 BCE. [14][15][16] The temple has many other facilities, including, police station, Digamber Jain Gurukul, and a Udaseen Ashram. Kurukshetra where the war actually happened is in present-day Haryana very near to Delhi. [8] With an average elevation of 218 metres (715 ft), Hastinapur experiences temperatures ranging from 5 to 40 °C (41 to 104 °F). Summer season is from March to May, during which the temperatures range from 32 to 40 °C (90 to 104 °F). Indraprastha is the present-day Delhi. All these make the astras appear to be special weapons of mass destruction, beyond our comprehension today. [24], This is a small Gurdwara located in the village of Saifpur, around 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from Hastinapur. Lal had revealed that around 800 BC a heavy flood in the Ganga had destroyed a considerable portion of the settlement. Hastinapur is located on the right bank of the Ganges river. From the Kurukshetra, the place where the great war happened, archaeologists have uncovered some iron arrows and spearheads with the use of thermoluminescence that dates back to 2,800 B.C.E., which is approximately the time when Mahabharata happened. The substance of the Mahabharata is as follows - Shantanu a descendant of Bharat and king of Hastinapur had three sons. The epic Mahabharata is never complete without the mention of Hastinapur – the great city of power and wealth. A mighty city, elephantine in strength, with its own large army of elephants or hasti as they are called in Sanskrit. Shantanu, the king of Hastinapur, was married to Ganga (personification of the Ganges) with whom he had a son called Devavrat. Various cultural events and religious celebrations are held in Hastinapur annually, including Akshaya Tritiya, Das Lakshana, Kartik Mela, Holi Mela, and Durga Puja. [citation needed], Excavations at Hastinapur were carried out in the early 1950s by B.B. [13], Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir is one of the oldest Jain temples in Hastinapur. Kurukshetra (literally "field of the Kurus"), was the battleground on which this war, known as the Kurukshetra War, was fought. Kurukshetra where the war actually happened is in present-day Haryana very near to Delhi. [2] Hastinapur has also been known by other names, such as Gajapuram, Nagapura, Asandivata, Brahmasthalam, Shanti Nagaram and Kunjarpuram, in different ancient texts.[3]. If future researches prove that it was a major war fought with all those advanced technologies, then it is indeed a wake up call for India. There is similarity in the name. The NH-58 between Delhi and Merrut is a nightmare to drive. The Mahabharata or Mahābhārata (US ; [1] UK ; [2] Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. Prof. B.B.Lal said this to the people who were still not convinced with the archeological evidences: “Archaeology cannot provide evidence of Lord Krishna having spilled the butter pot”. For instance, Hastinapur is in UP with multiple evidence of Mahabharata in Hastinapur. Thus, he was forced to shift the capital to Kausambi, further downstream and near the banks of the Yamuna. 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