This was the first massive rebellion fought for Indian Independence when masses united to rebel against the British Government in 1857. Revolt of 1857 intimidated the Company, and it decided to . The middle and upper classes of India were badly affected due to loss of employment. No common plan of action and leadership among the rebels. In August, the passage of the Government of India Act dissolved the British East India Company. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Revolt of 1857: First War of Independence Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Most of…, Christmas celebration in India Christmas Day is celebrated on December 25. Rebels were poorly organized on primitive lives. Diffusion of 1857 Revolt. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was blamed for the revolt (though he played little role in it). The ordinary people of the town and surrounding villages joined the sepoys. The Revolt of 1857 was one of the first wars of Indian independence against the British. The very next day, all the angry Indian soldiers of Meerut cantonment released their comrades, killed the British officers, and declared mass revolt. It was a civil rebellion led by the Sepoys. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. Important centres of revolution were Delhi, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi and Ara of Bihar. It disrupted the planning and the objectives of the revolt could not be achieved. It has been observed that in the last year papers of competitive exams, there are 1-2 questions asked from Revolt of 1857, its causes and leaders. It no doubt began as a mutiny of soldier, but soon turned into a revolt against British rule in general. It soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. They too had a number of grievances. The British presence began to rule in 1780, British men started to wed Indian women, while in 1820, only 1 in every 7 Indian women were married to Brits. Some causes of this … Main events of the revolt: Soon there was a rebellion in the Meerut Cantonment. 8,000+ Fun stories. ID: 1440329 Language: English School subject: Social Science Grade/level: Grade 8 Age: 10-15 Main content: Revolt 1857-58 Other contents: no Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Many Indians feared that their religion was coming under threat. THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION INDIA IN 1857 One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the smouldering embers of resentment and anger against the unjust, exploitative and oppressive British government exploded into flames and shook the very foundation of the British rule in India. We spoke about the backdrop of the events that led to the 1851 revolt and now we’ve reached the core of this vital piece of history. It is known as India’s First War of Independence. It began in the lines of the native infantry, spread very swiftly to the cavalry and then to the city. The reasons for that are: Bahadur Shah was not the best leader, he was old and could not lead the revolt There was no centralised planning and control In this article, we are sharing you with complete notes on Revolt of 1857 in Hindi & English. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. The soldiers had to bite off the greased cartridge before loading it in the gun. The peasants were burdened by heavy land revenue, last their lands to landlords and moneylenders. The revolt began on 10th May, 1857 in Meerut. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. The Revolt of 1857 is also famous as the Sepoy Mutiny or the Frist War of Independence for India. Their freedom was curtailed, their armed forces were disbanded and their revenues and territories were taken away. Delhi. British manufacturers soon changed the cartridges in an attempt to calm the spreading anger among the soldiers, but this move backfired. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. This revolt can aptly be termed the first war of Indian independence against the British. He and his wife were sent to prison in Rangoon (Burma). The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Kings, peasants, tribals, landlords and we sepoys, all were dissatisfied with the British rule. Princely families joined the uprising due to changes to the inheritance law which made adopted children ineligible to assume the throne. The annexation of the friendly state of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie in 1856 was also widely represented by the people at Awadh. Moreover, there was no scope of promotion and made to serve overseas. This time to rebel had come as this was beyond their patience and submission. Here the sepoys revolted against their English officers, killed them and marched to Delhi. New questions in Social Sciences. This revolt can aptly be termed the first war of Indian independence against the British. It was a result of the anger against the government. 7 as his salary. Zamindars lost their zamindari rights because they could not fulfill the high land revenue demand o the British. There were three major developments in Bihar during July 1857. The Battle of Plassey was an important stepping stone for the British rule in India as the British had overcome the French in India, and the state of Bengal had effectively passed into the hands of the British. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. As a result, the revolt began earlier than the fixed date. In Delhi, the aged emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was the symbolic leader but the real command was with a group of soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan at Kanpur. Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–58. The Revolt of 1857 was started by the company’s sepoys. In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO … View Answer. Thus, by making one small change to its munitions, the British managed to greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. The cumulative effect of British expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations over the years had adversely affected the positions of all— rulers of Indian states, sepoys, za-mindars, peasants, traders, artisans, pundits, maulvis, etc. Instead of relying heavily on Bengali troops from the Punjab, the British began to recruit soldiers from the "martial races"—those considered particularly warlike, including the Gurkhas and the Sikhs. It began on May 10, 1857 when Indian sepoys from the East Indian Company’s military made a revolt in Meerut that after a short time spread all through the central and northern India urban networks. The sepoys were paid much less than the British soldiers and were also given inferior food and accommodation. In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. (iv) Annexation of Jhansi and Satara-British refused to recognize adoption. Often the British officers treated the sepoys rudely. 1 Verified Answer. Similarly, Rani Laxmi Bai wanted her adopted son to succeed the throne, but the British refused. The British government disbanded the British East India Company and took direct control of India, bringing an end to the Mughal Empire. In addition, British officers and missionaries began to preach Christianity to the Hindu and Muslim sepoys. The British government exiled him to Rangoon, Burma. The seeds of nationalism began to be sown during the Revolt of 1857. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. At Delhi, the nominal and symbolic; leadership belonged to the Emperor Bahadur Shah, but the real command lay with a Court of Soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan who had led the revolt of the Bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi.. At the same time, a rumor spread that the grease used in the cartridge was made from the fat of cow and the lard of the pig. The Revolt began at Meerut, 36 miles from Delhi, on 10 May 1857 and then gathering force rapidly spread across Northern India.It soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त Chief Election Commissioners of india, भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त की लिस्ट, List of Chief Election Commissioners…, भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi, uprashtrapati list, उप राष्‍ट्रपति…, एक और बैंक मर्जर Government to merge Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank विजया देना और बैंक ऑफ़ बड़ोदा के विलय से…, London Mein India Se Bhi Sasta Store watch video- Poundland is cheapest store in London ( United Kingdom ) . The revolt of 1857 began from Meerut and spread to many parts of India but yet failed to suppress the British rule. The throne, but the British fueled Indian anger across the country to. 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