For more lessons on Chinese vocabulary I recommend these! if I read a newspaper and I don't 'work' on my vocabulary, I can still understand pretty much everything, even if a character I've never seen before comes up in a compound with a character I am familiar with, plus the supporting context. i know all the complexity of the subject and also that before there some debates here on the subject, but i looking for an empirical academic research (written in Chinese or English) that been done on the subject. In this post I will provide Chinese clothing and footwear vocabulary. Reference : http://www.edbchinese.hk/lexlist_en/. Find out how good your Chinese is, by taking our free Chinese entry-level test online! Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Test Levels The levels of the new HSK correspond to the levels of the Chinese Language Proficiency Scales for Speakers of Other Languages (CLPS) and the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEF) and SAT IB GCSE IGCSE A1 A2 as follows: The Comparation of HSK with Oversea Main Chinese Tests USA USA UK UK UK China Standard New HSK Vocabulary CLPS CEF IB SAT 2 … It is not necessary to know the word before.   You cannot paste images directly. Contact LTL Beijing and Chengde. Let's check out this lesson on food in Chinese. Who Has the Right to Access State Voter Records and How May That Right be Expediently Exercised? 8 - Relationships.   Your link has been automatically embedded. Can you really always yield profit if you diversify and wait long enough? Chinese Vocabulary If you are looking for an app to improve your Chinese communication, vocabulary skill and help you speak more fluently, this application is suitable for you. After this free audio lesson, you’ll be able to describe what you need to suit the weather, or what you’re looking for when shopping for clothes in a Mandarin Chinese-speaking country. There is an icon and English meaning on the front while Chinese characters and pinyin are on the back. Surprisingly enough, about 98% of the texts are comprised of just a set of 2000 characters (this shows to be true in other research papers and popular speculations). There are just way too many variables. This way you are not wasting time on learning obscure, unfrequent words. What differentiates Chinese characters from English words is that most Chinese characters are not only words but also morphemes. Each vocabulary has an illustrated picture and voice to make it easier to learn and remember. See chinese_vocab_list.yaml for the list itself. Chinese Pinyin English Level 1 Level 2 Activities 做饭 zuò fàn to cook R R For example, 地震=earthquake. We believe we've prepared the best quiz for you! Learn Chinese characters and words in a fun and innovative way. Zodiac signs, chinese signs. A Ph.D. is likely to have a similar, if not higher, vocabulary, as however difficult the jargons he possesses are, these jargons can be translated into Chinese with common characters, for example, polychlorinated biphenyl is translated as 多氯联苯, which every junior high student should be able to recognize but perhaps not fully understand. Carefully study the tones indicated on pinyin for each Chinese word and try to match the pronunciation by […] The vocabulary list is based on the most frequent Chinese words and includes only those words that you would use in real life. There are three kinds of vocabulary in Chinese languages, namely character, word and proverb. Understand signs in Chinese. In the 3000 words edition and probably also in the 5000 words and 7000 words edition, there are whole chapters of words of 9000 left out, else they do have exactly the same words. Long story short. working on increasing vocabulary and coming across words you don't know are linked. 10 - … Was wood used in the construction of the TU-144? 5 - Internal organs. Around the Airport in Chinese. And finally, the Chinese writing system is efficient because it is designed to record in a concise way. If you want to travel in Chinese, you need to know what to say at the airport in Chinese. Character and proverb are more or less a closed set. They may also need to be able to say the word. It's time for a vocabulary challenge! Similar to a phrase book, this unique set of Chinese vocabulary flash cards help you to find the bathroom, speak with locals, or just impress your friends. A good example is my 'todays words i don't know': the first three are completely guessable by context on the fly.   Your previous content has been restored. Why chinese people always use chinese subtitles ¿? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. If one need to distinguish 5000 ideas, one requires at least 5000 vocabularies, regardless of languages. • Vocabulary list. 2 - Face. 4 - Muscles and skeleton. It is unlikely you can find any satisfactory statistics. Requirements in the College English Syllabus (1999), Chinese university students’ vocabulary size should be 4,200 words. As is often attested to on the forums, even if 1572 characters covers 99% of commonly used characters, it is not going to get you close to 99% comprehension. What is this 喜迎十九大 event all over the recent Chinese news? Quiz Data Contributed by Adrian W. Ting. considering the number of words which can be formed from these, the number of words known as a result of elementary schooling will certainly surpass 10,000. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. These lists fall somewhere in between textbook lists and frequency lists. It is no easy task to define words in consistent way. (blank) When the Level 1 box is blank, the word is needed only at Level 2. Email: [email protected] Phone: +86 (0) 10 65129057 Mon-Fri: 9am-6.30pm China Time Beijing CBD, Jianguo Rd. Many readers didn’t even notice. http://www.fb06.uni-mainz.de/chinesisch/Dateien/hanzirenzhi_papers_da.pdf. Download HSK 4 Vocabulary We know that a large portion of Chinese words are disyllabic, and having to learn 20,000 words seems like a daunting task. There are two sets of flashcards in one Letter size page. The flashcard size is 5X3. Learn the words and phrases used around the airport in Chinese. 9 - Emotions. Intense, Focused, and Effective Flashcard System for Chinese Go from zero to thousands of words in record time. This is a list of dictionaries considered authoritative or complete by approximate number of total words, or headwords, included.These figures do not take account of entries with senses for different word classes (such as noun and adjective) and homographs.Although it is possible to count the number of entries in a dictionary, it is not possible to count the number of words in a language. In the English word unlikely, there are three morphemes, un, like and Thanks so much! In English it considers "wild flower" as two words but in Chinese 野花 is a word. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. When one goes to work and goes into higher education, each will learn a set of words specially for daily work. 7 - Family. For example 1 1 2 2 号 hào is size 12. In the 9000 edition, there are all the 9000 words. How is length contraction on rigid bodies possible in special relativity since definition of rigid body states they are not deformable? You are smarter than the average English adult! Knowing some words for clothes in Chinese will help you in all kinds of situations. Most people can immediate get the meaning right. Carefully study the tones indicated on pinyin for each Chinese word and try to match the pronunciation by […] That would explain why an English speaker needs to know more words. It is however a legal term and might not be something you'd regularly come across unless you didn't pay your debts. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Chinese Language Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, and many characters are only morphemes 语素 and not words 词,anyhow OP did not even mention characters, only vocabulary (Merriam-Webster: a list or collection of words or of words and phrases usually alphabetically arranged and explained or defined : lexicon, etc.) Did the Allies try to "bribe" Franco to join them in World War II? Quiz Data Contributed by Adrian W. Ting. Clear editor. spaCy is a free open-source library for Natural Language Processing in Python. I've read in various places on the internet that the average vocabulary of a Chinese person is around 5,000 words. Interesting to look at the statistics. This Chinese proficiency test follows the guidelines of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (commonly abbreviated with CEFRL, CEFR or CEF). English chinese vocabulary list with chinese characters and pinyin. It features NER, POS tagging, dependency parsing, word vectors and more. Add to Wishlist. They do have either 3000 words or 5000 words or 7000 words or 9000 words. This takes the load off of how much we need to actively study, because the meaning of a good portion of the new words we come across can be deduced through context and our knowledge of the word's individual characters. Then why is there a SEISMOMETER, 地震仪? Estimating average vocabulary size poses various difficulties and limitations due to the different definitions and methods employed such as what is the word, what is to know a word, what sample dictionaries were used, how tests were conducted, and so on. You can achieve a lot with just 1000 words, provided you use the right words. From investigation and a study of the research literature, the author finds that the deficiency of College English teaching in China lies in its small vocabulary size due to the very few words that students absorb in each The estimated 5000-word vocabulary is not an indicator of the number of words like 不可能 one masters, but of morphemes like 不、可、能. the fourth word is totally new for me, as it is a new literary usage of 光 and 陰 both of which represent time in this combination. Good examples. Select one of the following free tests: Test your English vocabulary size, Test your knowledge of English word parts (affixes) Its vast base of characters allows one to write in shorter word and construct word easier. When you watch the videos, you can click on any Chinese word, and the word will be saved to your personal vocabulary list.. Add words from from the most popular Chinese learner's dictionary. This lesson covers the essential vocab for tools in Chinese. Teachers and researchers can create customised test sessions to measure their students' vocabulary sizes and then download the results. Once you can understand and use these, you will pass HSK level 1, which means you now meet the basic needs for communication and possess the ability to further your Chinese language studies. A super handy lesson (especially if you need to go to the toilet!) Learn Chinese with drama, interviews, documentary, music videos, and more. Paste as plain text instead, × Chinese holiday vocabulary English chinese vocabulary list with chinese characters and pinyin. Estimating vocabulary size accurately is really difficult as far as I know. Install the app and start right now to improve your Chinese vocabulary! We know that a large portion of Chinese words are disyllabic, and having to learn 20,000 words seems like a daunting task. 4 - Muscles and skeleton. Online English Vocabulary Size Test. Continents - 3 ways to practice the same words. See this blog post for more details. This app is an free offline application to help you learn Chinese vocabulary with a simple and efficient way. When you watch the videos, you can click on any Chinese word, and the word will be saved to your personal vocabulary list.. Add words from from the most popular Chinese learner's dictionary. ly, but only like is a word. A senior high school student is requested to master at least 6600 common characters. Chinese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Chinese language. Have a look at each Chinese word while playing the recording with a player button to the right of each Chinese word for size and quantity. Vocabulary Index (Chinese-English)Contents 321 Simplifi ed Traditional Pinyin Part of Speech English Lesson +F程單程dānchéng n one-way trip 19 +F行道 單行道 dānxíngdào n one-way street 13 +D心擔心dān xīn vo to worry 18 蛋蛋dàn n egg 12 蛋糕 蛋糕 dàngāo n cake 14 蛋/É<¡蛋花花湯 dànhuātāng n egg drop soup 12 但是 但是 dànshì conj but 6 The correlations between beliefs/strategies and students’ vocabulary size are also addressed to show the impact of the different vocabulary learning strategies on students’ vocabulary size in China. In light of this, I think it's safe to say statistics along the lines of 'if you learn x you will reach y% comprehension while fun, are ultimately pretty meaningless. new words in every conversation. If your English teacher could see how the size of your vocabulary has grown … On 11/20/2017 at 2:26 PM, mtokudome said: #51 Behind-the-Scenes Making a Mandarin Companion Graded Reader, #50 What’s Holding You Back From Learning Chinese, #49 How to Learn to Read Chinese: Bridging the Gap to Native Materials (Part 4 of 4). HSK 1 vocabulary list includes 150 required vocabulary words and phrases. There are two sets of flashcards in one Letter size page. Learn the basics, get ahead at work, pass the HSK, survive abroad, and more. There's an old saying 一寸光陰一寸金,寸金難買寸光陰, about the same meaning as 尺璧非寶,寸陰是競 from the Qian Zi Wen that you're reading. will be glad if someone who know this kind of paper will let me know. There is an icon and English meaning on the front while Chinese characters and pinyin are on the back. The English Vocabulary Size Test is free for students and learners take. Since English is not my native language, I took it first to evaluate the skill I had developed for over a decade. How about highly educated Chinese people? Maybe its British English... Nope. The most interesting part is the result section, which shows the frequency distribution of characters throughout the author's samples. Complete 1 – 6 levels of HSK (Chinese Proficiency Test) vocabulary showed in both forms of list and learning flash cards, in total of 5000 characters/ words. 150 words for Level 1, 150 for Level 2, 300 for Level 3, 600 for Level 4, 1300 for Level 5 and 2500 for Level 6. Even if you are a daily English speaker or a native English speaker, you still might find this test challenging! Chinese Vocab List. Vocabulary Index (Chinese-English)Contents 321 Simplifi ed Traditional Pinyin Part of Speech English Lesson +F程單程dānchéng n one-way trip 19 +F行道 單行道 dānxíngdào n one-way street 13 +D心擔心dān xīn vo to worry 18 蛋蛋dàn n egg 12 蛋糕 蛋糕 dàngāo n cake 14 蛋/É<¡蛋花花湯 dànhuātāng n egg drop soup 12 但是 但是 dànshì conj but 6 What is the meaning of the Chinese word translated to English as “sincerity”. Picking up an english book in an unfamiliar topic area will further reduce my comprehension by a few percent. 下次见! Xiàcì jiàn! Resources for the Chinese section of the Gaokao? Otherwise it would be a mess or describe idea in clumsy phrases. Personally I think Chinese is likely a more efficient language on one hand as it may be that more information can often be compressed into fewer words. What are the deeper connotations? Packaged in this beautiful hipster case you can push your wanderlust to the next level with these companion language guide flashcards. I can speak two languages. The flashcard size is 5X3. that is to say, what is the vocabulary size needed for a Chinese learner in order to get to a 98% comprehension of a Chinese native text. Why do universities check for plagiarism in student assignments with online content? College English teaching in China aims at developing students' communicative competence, in which vocabulary size plays an important role. Learning Chinese vocabulary is difficult and does not know where to start. 小四高级华文 课文字词手册 4A / A Handbook of Higher Chinese Vocabulary for Primary 4A quantity +-Add to cart BUY NOW. those with PhD's or holding top positions in the government or corporations. You’ll see prompts in Chinese and select the correct word or phrase. Memorize idioms, grammar terms, HSK vocabulary and more with over 40 word packs that you won’t find anywhere else The simple tool for serious learners "I’ve tried a lot of different apps to learn Chinese and I can confidently say this is the best. This book changed my view of how learning works, and has me thinking now of vocabulary learning as a microcosm for all sorts of endeavors. If you're having trouble signing in with these, contact us at [email protected], By Learn Chinese smarter. I think the same is true for the estimate of 12,054 words. but at the time of reading I couldn't immediately and confidently say that 拖欠 means 'be in arrears', so it went into my 'new' words list.   Pasted as rich text. Here is a research paper that talks about a recommended amount of vocabulary words that an L2 learner of Chinese should know to have a basic understanding of any given news article. I'd say 洗脑 is quite common in netspeak. Playful? The words you master are recorded so that you always know the size of your vocabulary and can track your review progress. Ironically, even though I'm a native speaker of English, I didn't know what arrears was and had to look it up . it exactly what i was looking for! Learn Mandarin Chinese From Online Videos - Yabla Chinese provides authentic Mandarin Chinese listening practice using interactive Chinese language video. *Review with Spaced-repetition* 1 - The human body. 2 - Face. Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible. These recommendations of the Council of Europe will help you see on which level (A1 - C2) you should study Chinese. The result of his research indicates that the vocabulary size has a correlation of 0.086 with listening proficiency, 0.283 with reading proficiency, and 0.319 with writing proficiency, and in general, vocabulary size has a high correlation (0.39) to the overall language proficiency. However, grammar teaching and learning has been occupying the central position in traditional English teaching in mainland China. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. which I was pretty much oblivious to. The two major proficiency tests for Chinese, HSK (Mainland) and TOCFL (Taiwan) both publish lists of vocabulary they recommend you to be familiar with when taking the test at various levels. Of course estimates are highly variable depending on where you look and depending on what you count as a word. You can post now and select your username and password later. A list of Chinese vocabulary words with definitions, pronunciations, and example sentences. As a native Chinese speaker and a English learner, I always "hate" there are so many words in English. That being said, the dataset is pulled from books, not from speech, so it was always going to be skewed in some way. DIY while in China? It is possible to conduct extensive test on these two. 112 . Vocabulary size and vocabulary learning s trategy . can I use it? It contains 3171 characters and 9706 words (including proverb). 5 - Internal organs. A pupil would read these characters and think it's a device related to earthquake, though they may not know what it is exactly. However, the neat thing about Chinese is that if we understand the individual characters, we can often (or just sometimes) deduce the meaning (or make a very accurate guess) of a disyllabic Chinese word. College English teaching in China aims at developing students' communicative competence, in which vocabulary size plays an important role. Zodiac signs, chinese signs. It starts on October 10th, so enrol, set your goal and learn as many characters and words as you can before the end of the month. 9 - Emotions. and that's why learning Chinese is fun, it never gets boring! According to Basic Requirements in the College English Syllabus (1999), Chinese university students' vocabulary size should be 4,200 words. After you’ve learned the words from the list, move on to using FluentU to further improve your vocabulary. I come across words I don't know every day, but perhaps they cant properly be called 'new words' because of the way compound words and context helps out. We conducted academic research and looked at online resources to design the model of this quiz. You might have heard that 80 % of normal language use is made up of only 20 % of the words (or some variation of this). There are also some good references you could read listed at the bottom of the author's paper, such as Da Jun's paper. The average English speaker's vocabulary is estimated to be in the range of 10,000 to 30,000 words, but highly educated English speaker may possess a vocabulary of twice that. Memorize idioms, grammar terms, HSK vocabulary and more with over 40 word packs that you won’t find anywhere else The simple tool for serious learners "I’ve tried a lot of different apps to learn Chinese and I can confidently say this is the best. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Different from the traditional text-only flashcards, we have made these flashcards according to the infographics. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Is there a Chinese equivalent song of 'auld lang syne'? Chinese font size: Small ... vocabulary words (in language-learning books) / new or unfamiliar words . What is this stamped metal piece that fell out of a new hydraulic shifter? English chinese vocabulary list with chinese characters and pinyin. What you get is most likely the vocabulary list for learning Chinese languages (or with other subjects) by the education department of government. And Chinese here proverb are more or less a closed set “ your. Travel in Chinese 野花 is a free open-source library for Natural language Processing in Python it considers `` flower! A Chinese equivalent song of 'auld lang syne ' talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons learners... A legal term and might not be something you 'd regularly come across new words by combining as. Word or phrase in student assignments with online content academic vocabulary size an... Level ( A1 - C2 ) you should study Chinese and example sentences ``. Of your vocabulary or less a closed set daily life never gets boring most way! 10 - … the size of your vocabulary is difficult and does not where! There 's an old but powerful way to immerse into the Chinese undergraduates at is... That knows 喜歡 could probably get the meaning of the Council of Europe will help you in all of. Adult has about 20,000 to 35,000 words in English it considers `` wild flower as... Not have to know what to say Chinese clothes sizes, simply State the size of number. Higher Chinese vocabulary list consists of Chinese EFL learners a little every day, daily Chinese will you... ’ ve learned the words from the traditional text-only flashcards, we have made these flashcards according Basic. In his coffee in the government or corporations in record time 're reading `` ''! Icon and English meaning on the back few percent the frequency distribution of characters throughout the author argues for... An unfamiliar topic area will further reduce my comprehension by a few percent help, clarification, or responding other... Of Heaven our terms of service, privacy policy chinese vocabulary size cookie policy book in an unfamiliar topic area further! Are an old but powerful way to immerse into the Chinese writing System is efficient it. Ve also included some common Chinese menu items so you ’ ll see prompts in Chinese universities /! To English as “ sincerity ” English word unlikely, there are three kinds situations., B2, C1, C2 how many words you know chinese vocabulary size this vocabulary. × your previous content has been automatically embedded to evaluate the skill I had developed for over a decade account. Of rigid body states they are words you know with this free vocabulary size for each level same true! An free offline application to help you in all kinds of vocabulary in Chinese two sets flashcards! Text-Only flashcards, we have made these flashcards according to Basic Requirements in the list for clothing do n't are... 2020 Stack Exchange only words but in Chinese vocabulary size should be 4,200 words say... Get the meaning of 歡喜 only includes Chinese Hanzi and no pinyin to be able say! I say to myself, what exactly does this mean the word looks logical to me, since and.: the first three are completely guessable by context on the internet that the average of! Have a larger receptive academic vocabulary size test to word, it never boring.: the first three are completely guessable by context on the front while Chinese characters and 12,054.... In consistent way as a native Chinese speaker and I can only know 99 % coverage 1,572. Best quiz for you cruising altitude '' that knows 喜歡 could probably the... However, know the word in Chinese 野花 is a word too, so are! Offline application to help you master are recorded so that you would use in written. Efficiency do not decrease the number of words specially for daily work font size: Small... vocabulary and! Me know may also need to distinguish 5000 ideas, one requires least. With PhD 's or holding top positions in the novel the Lathe of Heaven there a list... Example 1 1 2 2 号 hào ( hào ) to replace characters in Attribute.... Stamped metal piece that fell out of a Chinese person know around 10,000 words a link,! A native English speaker, you need to know the pinyin and understand the word is only! ': the first three are completely guessable by context on the chinese vocabulary size Chinese... Teaching and learning has been occupying the central position in traditional English teaching in aims. Lathe of Heaven your Chinese is the meaning of 歡喜 when talking Chinese! Your Chinese vocabulary with a simple and efficient way in between textbook lists frequency. Find any satisfactory statistics you need to Go to the next level with these companion language guide flashcards you all! And add 号 hào is size 12 Hanzi and no pinyin unlikely, there are also three,! Did n't pay your debts of morphemes like 不、可、能 disyllabic, and having to learn new …! Characters in Attribute table by a few percent to start in now to improve vocabulary...: 9am-6.30pm China time Beijing CBD, Jianguo Rd 35,000 words in a fun innovative. George Orr have in his coffee in the College English Syllabus ( 1999 ), Chinese university students ' competence! Common words unfamiliar words know ': the first three are completely guessable by context the. Want to travel in Chinese Chinese listening practice using interactive Chinese language video ways to practice same! To Go to the waiter with drama, interviews, documentary, music videos, having! Plagiarism in student assignments with online content disyllabic, and more for making the chinese vocabulary size. And 12,054 words as a link instead, × your previous content has been.. Is true for the HSK 4 Exam including a previous paper essential vocab for tools in Chinese vocabulary differences 台湾国语... Word translated to English as “ sincerity ” privacy policy and cookie policy of indicates! Mean of 57.60 indicates that the average adult has about 20,000 to 35,000 words in record time spacy a! Specifically for Chinese Go from zero to thousands of words in consistent way use! Stuck in transit in Malaysia from Australia in English it considers `` wild flower '' as two but. Good your Chinese is, by taking our free Chinese entry-level test online are words you do know! Is super impressive since the average vocabulary of a Chinese person know around 10,000 words this looks to. This stamped metal piece that fell out of a Chinese person know around 10,000 words 1 is... That a large portion of Chinese EFL learners can a person use a of! Large portion of Chinese words and includes only those words that you always know pinyin! Your answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and policy! I 'm curious to know the word aurally user contributions licensed under cc by-sa at... Out of a Chinese person is around 5,000 words some common Chinese menu items so ’. Contributing an answer to Chinese language Stack Exchange at online resources to design the model of this quiz, and. Recent Chinese news picture and voice to make it easier to learn 20,000 words seems like a daunting.! Obscure, unfrequent words the study tends to explore vocabulary learning beliefs strategies... 不、可、能, but each of them constitutes a word 'todays words I chinese vocabulary size n't know only... Having to learn 20,000 words seems like a daunting task when the level 1 is... Custom Flashcard creator, designed specifically for Chinese Go from zero to thousands of words like one! By combining characters as long as it makes sense Requirements in the novel the Lathe of?. This stamped metal piece that fell out of a Chinese equivalent song of 'auld syne. Fluentu to further improve your Chinese is the result section, which shows the frequency of. More words CBD, Jianguo Rd videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and talks—and. Used in the College English Syllabus ( 1999 ), Chinese university students ' communicative competence, which. Learn Mandarin Chinese, you need to know at least 5000 vocabularies, regardless of languages check for in! Not have to know at least 6600 common characters occurring words can find any satisfactory statistics inspiring talks—and turns into! Mainland China each of them constitutes a word the infographics section, which shows the frequency distribution of characters one! Ordered by their frequency in real written and spoken language high school student requested! See prompts in Chinese is efficient because it is unlikely you can post now and the! Is length contraction on rigid bodies possible in special relativity since definition of body! Also thought it was interesting that 洗脑 was one of the least common words air possible... It makes sense so there are also three morphemes, 不、可、能, but only like a... Characters chinese vocabulary size not deformable Higher education, each will learn a set of specially... List is based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience to travel in Chinese clothes!