#3 and better two face grade - rough and smooth side will be virtually wane free; Naturally resistant to rot and decay; Actual size: dimensions at time of manufacture. Plus, you can save yourself a ton of money converting roughhewn lumber to finished product; maybe enough to justify buying that planer you’ve always wanted. Available surfaced or saw-textured. Redwood "Clear" grade is the same quality as "Clear All Heart" - the finest architectural heartwood grade - except that it contains sapwood in varying amounts and is allowed slight visual imperfections (which we consider character) on both faces. from 1-in. But smooth bark also has significant advantages, particularly in … ... We combine the rustic flavor with fine sanding (220 grit) for a smooth-to-the-touch finish. California Redwood is the most moisture and insect resistant wood species that grows naturally in N. America. It is less costly and some people prefer working with it because it gives them greater control over the finished product. In most cases, it will last longer. The B grade is reasonably clear, but allows for an occasional small tight knot and small imperfection. The secret to longevity begins and ends with the wood: Like all wood species, Redwood is available in several grades depending on where the board is cut in a tree trunk, how old the tree is, how the wood developed and in what direction the board was cut. The calculations with softwoods and planed hardwoods are even worse, as softwoods are seldom sold rough, but are sold as planed lumber. High-quality finish grade of the same general quality as Heart Clear. Types of Redwood: 5 Wood Grades to Choose From, Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer, Please click here for more information on our finishes and color options, 1) Forever Warranty: Our Guarantee to You, 1) Types of Redwood: 5 Wood Grades to Choose From. First off, despite having “red” in both names, Redwood has the darker red-brown hue while WRC is more on the yellow side. For construction above ground where there is little danger of damage from insects or decay, choose one of the sapwood grades – Clear, B Grade, Deck Common, Construction Common or Merchantable. Although the Forever Redwood forestlands are mostly Redwood, about 30% of the conifer trees are Douglas-fir. The final appearance that you want for your project often determines whether you will want to choose redwood vs. cedar. Most boards have open grain (less than eight growth rings per inch). The only difference between Redwood and the Mature Redwood grade is the inclusion of “sapwood”. Mature Redwood is usually a lighter shade of reddish brown than Old-Growth (see above photos). Deck Heart is an all heartwood grade containing knots of varying sizes and other slight imperfections; available seasoned or unseasoned. Freedom from knots, or clearness, is the determinant for the highest grades. Redwood is recognized for its fire resistance; in fact, redwood-clad structures are credited with limiting the extent of the great fires following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Garden grades of redwood include Deck Heart, Construction Heart, Deck Common, Construction Common, Merchantable Heart, and Merchantable. Rough sawn lumber is slightly larger than finished lumber. Vertical grain is the most expensive lumber on the market because it is stronger, more dimensionally stable, and insures no splintering in future years/decades. Forever Redwood products will never splinter. Its rough because it went through a machine with a roughing head which gives a uniform roughness or simply cut with a nice blade. Cedar Shakes and Shingles. Unseasoned or seasoned, may be surfaced or rough. Types of Redwood: 5 Wood Grades to Choose From. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. To learn more about our forestry practices, please click here. Some of these trees were alive over 1,500 years ago. The guarantees offered by other manufacturers point out the longevity expected. Personally, I like the wood to be as rough as possible. Construction Heart has a similar appearance and uses as Deck Heart, but is not graded for strength. A proper finish keeps rough wood supple, prevents it from fading, cracking and enhances its natural beauty. Nominal Dimensions. Seal the finished wood with the best sealant on the market. The B grade is reasonably clear, but allows for an occasional small tight knot and small imperfection. Each Forever Redwood item is hand built. Sapwood is vanilla/tan color and makes up varying percentages of each Redwood grade board (on average under 30%). Forever Redwood’s Old-Growth comes from logs left on the ground when the forest was first logged between 1880 and 1970. For example, an 8x8x8 will measure approximately 8 inches by 8 inches for a true 8x8x8. For example, an 8x8x8 will measure approximately 8 inches by 8 inches for a true 8x8x8. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. You construct fascia boards out of 1-inch lumber. Wood Samples: If you’d like to experience the quality of our wood before placing a furniture order—or if you’d like to see first-hand the difference between our five grades of wood—we offer a set of wood samples. Forever Redwood furniture is unique because we mill our own wood to full inch dimensions. They may develop a light crack after a few years out in the weather, but never a splinter. There are thin smooth boards (shingles) which may have knots are no knots. Rough-cut lumber is just what the name implies: it's fuzzy with exposed fibers with an inconsistent surface. Either choice ensures you will have a quality wood pergola. Typically available kiln dried (also available unseasoned). Old-Growth Again practices restoration forestry. Mosaic Eco-Wood is an excellent choice for most applications. Planed all round , however, means that all the wood surfaces have been planed this means that the timber has been brought to a uniform level which is smooth and ready to be worked on or presented. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. The thick timber significantly increases the feel, appearance, sturdiness and durability of the furniture. All redwood siding patterns are available with smooth-surfaced or resawn faces. Sapwood is the wood that grew in the last 20 years or so of a tree’s life prior to being harvested (outer perimeter of a tree trunk). Deck Heart is available in 2×4 and 2×6 only. Essentially, you’ll use these to soften anything that’s too rough for your hands to handle. Wood can be purchased rough sawn or planed. Mill glaze has been blamed over the years for numerous paint failures. Use dimensionally stable high quality lumber. Rough sawn timber is when the sides and edges are not smooth, if you run your hands across the timber you will feel a coarse texture and most likely get splinters. It's hard to find decent lumber anymore. The thinnest rough-cut boards, labeled 4/4, and called four quarter, are 1-in. The secret to avoiding splinters is always to follow these 5 steps: New to Forever Redwood? Understanding the durability of the wood is important because it helps determine the best use for the lumber (e.g. Sizes Available: Construction Common: 1x4x8, 1x6x8, 1x8x8, 1x12x8. For example, an identical item made from Old-Growth Redwood will cost over 60% more than if made using Douglas-fir. Redwood heartwood garden grades may be used on or near the soil in construction projects where knots or other characteristics are less important. Uses of Heart Clear redwood include siding, paneling, trim, cabinetry, molding, fascia, soffits, millwork. Smooth Sawn, S4S (smooth on four sides), is a timber that has been milled on four sides to provide a smooth surface for the end consumer. It is a combination of a light tan color with occasional streaks of slightly darker shades. Indoors, furniture made from Mosaic Eco-Wood boards can be expected to last decades. Mill glaze is a hard, burnished surface sometimes left by milling machines on the smooth face of siding, especially cedar and redwood. All Forever Redwood furniture boards are cut extra-thick for added longevity. And then there are thicker boards (shake) that have both sides cut roughly or one side smooth the other face rough. Redwood heartwood architectural grades are an excellent choice in applications where beauty, durability, and dimensional stability cannot be compromised. Is a beautiful premium quality Redwood grade (from trees averaging 100 years of age). When dealing with the harshness of rain and weather it is often preferred to have a smooth surface to allow the water to shed quicker but in the case of siding or roofing materials that will be stained the rough unplaned side will hold coatings better. Redwood or pine may also be grains used with these styles. For $21 we’ll expedite your samples anywhere in the U.S. or Canada (includes HI and AK). Rough lumber thicknesses are measured in 1/4-in. Equipped with same natural substance, it makes the cedar vs redwood … Valley Redwood offers a complete line of Rough Redwood and Timbers for all of your construction and landscaping needs. Although many furniture outlets advertise as "heavy-duty" or "made to last," you can easily separate fact from fiction by checking the weight. Forever Redwood’s conservative forest management practices works with the forest to naturally bring back the giant old trees overtime. The cream-colored sapwood that develops in the outer growth layer of the tree does not possess the same resistance to decay and insects that redwood heartwood does. Wood quantity and resistance to decay increases as a tree ages. It is left literally rough and needs to be dried, planed, and otherwise finished. Redwood is graded for durability and resistance against insects and decay – factors easily distinguished by redwood’s color. Normally sold kiln dried (pre-shrunk and stress free), these grades are for the finest exterior and interior architectural uses. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, Douglas-fir is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 10 years. Available surfaced or saw-textured. Douglas-fir has significant decay resistance and is structurally stronger and heavier than Redwood. Appearance is the first, primary factor in the grading of redwood. J&W Lumber stocks: Rough Construction Common, Rough Merchantable grade, Surfaced Construction Common, Surfaced Selected Con Common and Surfaced B-Grade. Deck Common is also graded for strength and is available in 2×4 and 2×6 only. It is not rocket science, but, unfortunately, it is rarely practiced elsewhere. In my own opinion it looks like the smooth sometimes doesn't look treated all the way through but it may be because I haven't seen the perforated for several years. Get Pricing Info (408) 995-0791 "Serving Bay Area Builders for Over 25 Years" 99 Pullman Way San Jose, CA 95111. The thinnest rough-cut boards, labeled 4/4, and called four quarter, are 1-in. It imparts a rustic ambiance that you just can't get using milled lumber. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. Also quality decking, garden structures and other above-ground applications. Grades of redwood lumber are determined using criteria outlined by the Redwood Inspection Service (RIS). Rough lumber thicknesses are measured in 1/4-in. If you're into woodworking even a little bit, you should consider buying rough-sawn lumber for your next project. Redwood VS Cedar facts. We offer Redwood in Rough or Surfaced finish, and both Green and Air Seasoned on most items. It is often used for fascia and siding. We offer Redwood in Rough or Surfaced finish, and both Green and Air Seasoned on most items. This option really highlights the wood grain and colour. Whenever you want a rustic look in and around your house, you want to make sure the lumber company can furnish you with a rough cut cedar as opposed to a smooth cut cedar. What about initial costs? Rough bark is best suited to withstand harsh changes in weather from one season to the next such as the freeze-thaw cycle from winter to spring. We combine the rustic flavor with fine sanding (220 grit) for a smooth-to-the-touch finish. The all-heartwood Old-Growth is extremely resistant to decay/insects and remains perfect after lying outdoors for up to 130 years! Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. Saw-textured One or more faces can be resawn for a rough texture effect. It’s tough to get surfaced stock thicker than 13/16-in. Give it a shot, you’ll be pleasantly surprised by its natural beauty while saving a chunk of change. Features. Mature Redwood is an excellent value because of its great moisture and insect resistance and significant cost savings in relation to the Old-Growth Redwood. Same general characteristics as Construction Heart, but contains a combination of heartwood and sapwood. This is usually the first stage of preparing wood for further, more accurate work. Here’s how rough-sawn vs. S4S vs… Each board is hand selected for optimal results. Again, it’s hard to choose a winner of this category since every project requires a different look, but based on grade availability redwood wins by a narrow margin. Each board is a mosaic of small reclaimed pieces of all 4 Redwood and Douglas-fir grades. How to Resurface Cracked & Splintered Wood Decks. increments. This includes redwood tongue & groove siding, plain bevel siding, rabbeted bevel siding, shiplap siding and many more. Offer redwood in rough or surfaced finish, and Merchantable anything so don ’ t hesitate jump... 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